In Helsinki in 2017, the net migration of population with a foreign mother tongue was positive in all age groups apart from over 45-year-olds. The migration gain was highest in the age group of 20–29-year-olds.
Language groups that had the highest net migration in Helsinki in 2017 were native speakers of Arabic (1,015), Somali (534), Persian (311) and Russian (287 people). In 2017 Helsinki had a 261-person net migration loss of Estonian native speakers. No more than ten years ago, the annual net migration gain of Estonian native speakers was around 500, and in 2012 it peaked at almost 1,000, only to start declining rapidly. Yet in 2015, it was still 241 people.
Net migration of citizens of South, West and Middle Asian countries was 1,915 people and that of citizens of African countries 763 people. The net migration gain of nationals from other EU countries and other countries of northern and western Europe – 215 persons – was lowest since a long time. Almost half of the net migration gain of citizens of South, West and Middle Asian and African countries was due to domestic migration, but the domestic net migration of EU citizens was negative.