In 2019, the number of children born in Helsinki was 6,332. To each one thousand 15–49-year-old women in the city, 38 children were born. This figure, the crude birth rate (fertility rate), was 34 for Finnish- or Sami-speaking women, 35 for Swedish-speaking women and 53 for women with a foreign mother tongue.
On average, mothers with a foreign mother tongue bore their children at a younger age than mothers who spoke one of the national languages. Among 20–24-year-olds, the fertility rate was 47 for women with a foreign mother tongue and 10 for Finnish- and Sami-speaking women. The fertility rate of Finnish- and Sami-speaking women was somewhat lower than that of foreign-language speakers among other age groups as well.
In 2019 the total fertility rate in Helsinki was 1.11. For the population with a foreign mother tongue, the figure was 1.56.
Fertility varies with language group. Of large language groups, the fertility rate of Russian-, Estonian- and English-speaking people differs very little from that of the population with a national mother tongue. On the other hand, the total fertility rate of Somali-speaking residents was over two times higher than that of the whole population. In all, the fertility of foreign-language speakers has fallen in the 2000s, while that of the population with a national mother tongue has remained more constant.